Coal is a natural dark brown to black solid substance material, used as a fuel, formed from fossilized plants and consisting of amorphous carbon with various organic and some inorganic compounds.
Recently, Coal as one of the main source of energies (beside electricity, fuel, gas and nuclear), have been widely used by most power plants in Asia, namely Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Hongkong, India, Philippine, Thailand, Malaysia and certainly Indonesia. Older generations of power plants use mostly higher calorific values, whereas the newer power plants use lower calorific values, which the coals are still abundant in Asia.
Traditional main users of coal, apart from the power plants are cement plant, paper plant, textile industries and steel industries. Indonesia, as now is the largest exporter of Steam Coal to the world, with estimate export volume of around 230 million MT in year 2010, is complementing each other with the neighboring country, Australia, whom is one of the largest thermal coal exporters in the world.
Both Kalimantan and Sumatra are the two main producing coal islands in Indonesia, which the concessions can be divided into PKP2B (coal contract of works) and KP (coal concessions), which recently has been transferred to IUP (Ijin Usaha Pertambangan) which mean the “Licence to do mining” and those licences can also divided as Government Owned (Central / Regional), Private Owned, Foreign Owned, or combination of the above.
Every area of coal concession has each different coal characteristic, such as Sulfur or Ash Content, Total or Inherent Moisture or HGI. Other important consideration also distance / road condition of hauling, draft limitation of the jetty, loading methods and ownership of required facilities. PKP2B and large KP (IUP) Owners tend to be more reliable, in supplying the promised quality of coal at punctual time frame, rather than small coal mining companies, due to various reasons: lots of heavy equipment on site which means much bigger production quantity, own crushing (or washing) facility, own transportations (trucking or barge for transshipment), own hauling road and own jetty, which make those PKP2B and Large KP (IUP) is fully in charge of their performance without depending to external parties and hence much more reliable compare to the smaller KP (IUP) Owners.
The most important factors that Buyer need to think, before purchasing the coals:
1) Which coal is suitable for own consumption and equipment?
2) How flexible Buyer can accept the slightly imperfect coal characteristics?
3) Is modification of equipment is an option?
4) What price level that Buyer can afford to pay?
5) A goodnight sleep OR have to hire watchman 24 hours 7 days a week?
The choice is in your own preference and judgement.
Coal Supply Capability as well as spot basis of
|GCV 6300+ (adb)||~ 11,000 mt (Central Kalimantan)||GCV 5800 (arb)||~ 45,000 mt (Kalimantan)|
|GCV 6300 (adb)||~ 32,000 mt (Sumatra & Kalimantan)||GCV 6300 (adb)||~ 60,000 mt (Sumatra)|
|GCV 6200 (adb)||~ 32,000 mt (Sumatra)||GCV 5200 (arb)||~ 60,000 mt (Kalimantan)|
|GCV 6100 (adb)||~ 11,000 mt (Central Kalimantan)|
|GCV 5500 (adb)||~ 100,000 mt (Kalimantan)|
|GCV 5300 (adb)||~ 100,000 mt (Kalimantan)|